Paracetamol is used for the relief of mild to moderate pain in conditions such as headache (including migraine), toothache, ear pain, joint pain, pain during menstruation, fever, feverish colds, and flu.
How it works
Paracetamol belongs to class of medications called analgesics (painkiller) and antipyretics (fever reducing). Paracetamol reduces pain by increasing the pain threshold. It reduces fever by acting on the temperature-regulating region of brain, resulting in increased blood flow across the skin, sweating and heat loss.
Always follow the instructions of doctor regarding the dosage and duration
Adults, elderly and adolescents over 12 years: 0.5 to 1 g every 4 to 6 h.
Children 6 to 12 years: 250 to 500 mg every 4 hours to a maximum of 2 g (4 tablets of 500 mg) in 24 hours.
Children below 6 years of age: paracetamol oral suspension (120 mg/5ml) should be given
3 – 6 months: 2.5 mL 4 times a day.
6 – 24 months: 5 mL 4 times a day.
2 – 4 years: 7.5 mL 4 times a day.
4 – 8 years: 10 mL spoonful 4 times a day.
Common side effects
Rare: Allergic reactions such as shortness of breath, abnormalities of blood cells, skin reddening, blisters or rash, swollen facial features, or a runny nose. Overdose (more than 4 g in adults and more than 2 g in children) may cause severe liver damage.
Who should not take
Patient who are allergic to paracetamol or any of the constituents.